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´╗┐Russia Prepares Bolt 200m to Host 2018 World Cup as Costs Mount

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(MOSCOW) Even as the World Cup wraps up on Sunday in Rio "Anadrol 50" de Janiero, preparations are well under way for the next tournament, which Russia will host in 2018.

President Vladimir Putin will be on hand for Sunday final match between Germany and Argentina to take the baton, another step in his quest to use mega sporting events as part of his effort to restore his country prestige in the world.

The Sochi Olympics were the most expensive Winter Games in history, amid cost overruns and allegations of "Oxandrolone Powder India" massive corruption. The 2018 World Cup is already following a similar pattern.

The projected cost has already nearly doubled the original budget Bestellen Cialis and is nearing twice what Brazil Anadrol Substitute spent for this year World Cup. In fact, at more than $20 billion, the current estimate would make Russia World Cup the most expensive in history.

Russia plans to host the games in 12 stadiums in 11 cities. Beyond two stadiums in Moscow, venues for the matches will stretch from the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad on the Baltic Sea to Yekaterinburg in the Ural Mountains.

Some stadiums are being built from scratch just for the World Cup. Others, like Sochi Fisht Stadium, which hosted the Olympics Opening and Closing Ceremonies, will be nearly new. The rest are aging Soviet era arenas that will be upgraded for the World Cup to add seats and modernize the interior.

Some of those renovations are of questionable need. Yekaterinburg Central Stadium had just had an $82 million renovation in 2011 and will undergo another costly renovation for the World Cup.

Moscow "Buy Cheap Jintropin Online" Luzhniki Stadium has a storied history as the host of the 1980 Summer Olympics and just last year hosted the World Athletics Championships. Yet after that competition ended, the stadium was closed for a gut renovation that will cost more than half a billion dollars. Organizers decided to preserve its historic faade, but the interior is a giant construction zone.

According to Martin Muller of the Unviersity of Zurich, who has studied Russia preparations for the World Cup, the $7 billion price tag for the 2018 tournament stadiums is already 50 percent higher than Brazil much criticized budget and 3.5 times higher than what Germany paid when it hosted in 2006.

"Rather than building a 'new Russia, as proponents claim, the mega event magnifies the problems of the old Russia," Muller wrote in his comprehensive study, pointing to creeping costs, diversion of resources from other civilian projects, and unnecessary expenses.

Russia economy is stalling and massive state spending on the World Cup is likely to strain the country budget. What worse, Russia sports minister recently warned that some of the projects are already falling behind schedule, despite oversight by FIFA, soccer main governing body, which organizes the World Cup.

Yet the problem may not end after the final whistle blows in 2018, according to Muller.

Visitors to Sochi just weeks after the Winter Olympics ended witnessed a ghost Equipoise Bloat town. The gleaming new stadiums, hotels, and housing complexes sat empty, with few viable plans for their use in the works.

With little "buy cheap jintropin online" local need for giant stadiums, Muller notes, the World Cup venues that will only host a few games each may only serve as a hulking, costly reminder of extravagance once the fans have gone home. The economic costs, he says, may last much longer.